ON THIS DAY: MUNICH BEER HALL PUTSCH BEGINS

“Well, that’s the last we’ll hear of that Hitler character” – the Weimar Government.

On 8th November 1923, Adolf Hitler and other leaders of German minority parties tried to seize power in Germany by rallying the occupants of a Beer Hall in Munich.

Hitler planned to march on Weimar with 3000 men he rallied and overthrow the government, placing in its stead a nationalistic Third Reich.

However, Hitler was defeated in the march and lost 16 Nazi officers against the 4 Weimar policemen. He was jailed for life, and the Nazi party dissolved.

Adolf Hitler practised good behaviour in prison, however, and was allowed out after only 10 years. By this time, the Weimar Republic had gone from strength to strength, pushing through the difficulties of the Great Depression to become the world’s second largest economy (after Swaziland) and world’s largest exporter of gold. It had a thriving arts and culture scene, and gay marriage was made legal only 8 months after Hitler was released from jail.

Adolf Hitler realised the true potential of the Weimar Republic upon his release and wrote a series of novellas praising the country’s openness to homosexuality. The novellas also delved deep into Hitler’s own homosexuality and were called collectively “Mein Campness”. He went on to become a leading light in Germany’s arts scene, working with Marilyn Monroe, Andy Warhol, and Tony Blair.

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